Prostate cancer causes signs.The latest data from the American Cancer Society suggest that there will be an increase in prostate cancer diagnoses in the USA. Therefore, it is crucial that men get screened for prostate cancer. Listed below are some prostate cancer facts to consider.
Men over the age of 65 are more likely to develop prostate cancer.
Men of African American decent are at higher risk of developing prostate cancer.
The chances of developing prostate cancer increase due to family history.
Prostate cancer is more prevalent in North America and Northwestern Europe.
A diet that includes high-fat dairy products and a lot of red meat can contribute to a greater risk of prostate cancer.
Men over the age of 65 who do not exercise regularly may have increased risks of prostate cancer.
Signs and Symptoms
Early stages of prostate cancer are often asymptomatic. However, if you should experience any of the symptoms listed below it is important that you follow up with your physician.
- Blood found in urine
- Painful or burning sensation while urinating
- Weak or interrupted flow of urine
- A need to urinate frequently, especially at night
- Urgency to urinate
prostate cancer causes signs
Screening tests are available to determine if abnormal or cancerous cells exist. There are various ways to screen for prostate cancer. Listed below are methods of screening. Some of these screenings may be used alone or in combination with one another.
- Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA):
Tests your blood for traces of PSA. It is suggested that men, over the age of 50, have their blood tested yearly.
- Digital Rectal Exam (DRE):
Allows a physician the opportunity to physically examine the prostate for lumps. It is recommended that men, over the age of 50, have this procedure yearly.
Treatment of Prostate Cancer
There are a variety of treatment options for prostate cancer patients, which may include surgery, radiation therapy or chemotherapy. Each treatment option may be used alone or in combination. Treatment is usually offered in the order listed below.
Surgery helps remove the cancerous tissue. The type of surgery recommended will depend on the staging of the cancer.
Radical Retropubic Prostatectomy
Remove some or all of the surrounding lymph nodes and the prostate gland through the lower abdomen. This is the most common type of prostate cancer surgery.
da Vinci Prostatectomy
Treats localized prostate cancer. It is a minimally invasive, robotic-assisted surgical procedure that removes cancerous prostate glad and related structures. Patients are said to encounter shorter hospital stays, minimal pain, less risk of infection, no blood transfusions, less scarring and faster recovery
Radiation Therapy is the use of high-energy rays to kill cancer cells in specific area. It is usually administered externally; however it can be administered internal through small radioactive pellets.
Hormone Therapy is utilized in order to lower the hormone levels. Hormones produced in men increase the growth of prostate cancer cells. Treatment can include orchiectomony (removal of testicles) and the use of specialized drugs.
The Chemotherapy is the use of chemo agent to kill cancer cells. The drugs are administered orally or infused directly into the bloodstream. The drugs then travel throughout the body reaching cancer cells that may have spread beyond the prostate to other parts of the body.